The “Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts – JOSHA” has been initiated to create a novel internet platform to access the broad diversity of important discoveries and creativity in the fields of Science, Humanities and Arts. Read more ...

Police and Crime Commissioners in the United Kingdom: A Compelling Case for Enhancing Public Participation in Crime Control Institutions?

Austin Yiu

Affiliation: University of Oxford

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.5.235

The phenomenon of crime is as ancient as organized society. Crime control has traditionally been a state responsibility, managed by experts, with the public playing no substantive role. The state’s mechanism of coercive force in tackling crime derives from their mandate from the people, and the lack of public participation has caused a gradual erosion of legitimacy. This has led to criticisms of crime control institutions on accountability and effectiveness. The United Kingdom’s development of the post of Police and Crime Commissioner as a model for public participation has been seen as a step towards increased transparency but has suffered similar criticisms. This article looks at whether the case for enhanced public participation is compelling and whether the United Kingdom’s attempt towards public participation works. INSTITUTION: Faculty of Law, University of Oxford.


‘Structure, Image and Ideas at play’: A revisitation into the select Medical thrillers from a Grotesque lens

Jasmine Fernandez, Amarjeet Nayak

Affiliation: Indian Institute of Technology Indore

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.5.234

INSTITUTION: Department of Humanities and Social Science, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, India. Medical thriller is one of the bestseller genre fictions among the popular fiction category in the contemporary times according to publishers and booksellers’ list. In spite of that fact, it has been relegated to the margins of literature based on the academic critique of being ‘low literature’ and also as an embodiment of clashing bioethical facets that perplexes the reader's mind. Against this grain, this discussion attempts to argue that medical thriller is a significant contribution as a genre and a cultural phenomenon, primarily drawn from a grotesque lens. Grotesque in these novels are displayed as a ‘play’ in its various representations, engagements, use and effect of the techno-driven medical culture which Frances S. Connelly asserts as very much intrinsic to the ideation of grotesque in The Grotesque in Western Art and Culture (2006).


Past, Present and Future of a Successful International Collaboration: An Interview with Prof. Dr. Marta Mollerach

Evguenia Alechine

Affiliation: University of Buenos Aires

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.5.232

Prof. Dr. Marta Mollerach is an Associate Professor of Microbiology at the University of Buenos Aires and an Independent Researcher of CONICET. She is currently the Secretary of International Affairs of the School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry and the Executive Academic Director of the International Master Program in Biomedical Sciences (IMBS). In our interview with her, we discussed the past, present and future of the Argentinean-German academic and scientific collaboration and the successful track of the IMBS during the past eight years. This friendly while professional interview gives insight into the potentials of a partnership of this magnitude. We hope you'll enjoy reading this article as much as we enjoyed its writing.


Heritage and Artistic Boon: Valuing Prizren Castle

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci, Kaltrina Thaçi

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.5.228

INSTITUTION: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Prishtina, Kosovo. There are a lot of disagreements on whether heritage assets and boon should be valued. A number of national and international accounting standards boards consider that bringing heritage assets on the balance sheet would improve the quality of the information reported. In order to include heritage assets in the balance sheet, it is necessary to understand what they really represent. Hence, conceptually there is much cogitation among professionals about whether heritage assets should be indeed classified as assets, or whether they meet the rationale at all, given that a crucial part of the definition of an asset is that it should provide future wellbeing and benefit to the society. The research methods consist of empirical observation, focusing on the castle campus structure.


The „reasonable reason“ in the German Animal-Protection-Statute (Tierschutzgesetz) – at the same time a commentary on the chicken-decision of the Oberverwaltungsgericht NRW

Guenter Hager

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.5.227

In Germany, the legal aspects of large scale killing of male chicken after hatching have been addressed in Criminal Law as well as Administrative Law. According to the German Animal-Protection-Statute the killing is permitted, if it is based on a reasonable reason. The “Oberverwaltungsgericht NRW” has now ruled that economic considerations can be a reasonable reason. This article takes a closer look at the decision and “the reasonable reason” concept in this context leading to the result that economic considerations cannot be accepted as reasonable reasons and that therefore the killing of the chicken is unlawful. INSTITUTION: Faculty of Law, University Freiburg, Germany. [Article in German]


JOSHA Table of Contents - Volume 3 Issue 4

Evguenia Alechine

Affiliation: University of Buenos Aires

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.4.225

The current issue of the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts brings us eight novel contributions to the scientific, humanities, and arts fields. In this issue we have included articles about science, health, philosophy, ethics, arts, and even economy. This issue is mainly focused on the interdisciplinary relationship between these diverse fields. We hope that you will enjoy this issue as much as we enjoyed selecting its content for you.


Die Freiburger Opernsängerin Kim-Lillian Strebel wird von der International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts gefördert.

Felicitas S. Holzer, Stephan Seiler

Affiliation: University of Buenos Aires

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.4.221

We congratulate Kim-Lillian Strebel who is part of the opera ensemble at the Freiburg Theater on her brilliant performance as Fiordiligi in Mozart’s opera 'Così fan tutte'. This young artist has been awarded a one-year scholarship by the International Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts (IASHA). We are happy to present a portrait of an interesting and passionate young lady succeeding in the opera world. Read more about the Interview with Kim-Lillian! [Article in German]


Europa erneuern – Interview mit Markus Kerber

Philippe Merz, Frank Obergfell

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.4.220

Renewing Europe – an interview with Dr. Markus Kerber who has been the executive director of the Federal Association of German Industry (BDI) since 2011. The following interview between the Thales Academy for Economy and Philosophy Freiburg, Germany, and Dr. Kerber has previously been published in the journal agora42, issue 03/2016. agora42 is a philosophical business journal. The fact that there is need of a journal that brings together economic and philosophical considerations tells us a lot about our current time – a time in which it is a difficult task to stay on top of economic and social issues. Thus, agora42 aims at keeping oversight and exposing complex economic and social processes in order to give a most comprehensive orientation to the readers. Each issue of agora42 addresses a specific topic and sheds light on it from various perspectives. 10.000 exemplars are currently circulated and published every three month in German-speaking countries. www.agora42.


Characterization of the AZF region of the Y chromosome in Native American haplogroup Q

Evguenia Alechine, Werner Schempp, Daniel Corach

Affiliation: University of Buenos Aires

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.4.219

The Y chromosome is a genomic niche for genes involved in male gamete production. The existence of an azoospermia factor (AZF) in its long arm is a key genetic determinant for spermatogenesis since its deletion is associated with infertility. Deletions in the AZFc region are the most frequent known genetic cause of male infertility. This region contains eight gene families involved in spermatogenesis, including Deleted in Azoospermia (DAZ) and the Chromodomain Protein Y (CDY) genes. AZFc displays significant variation across the male population; nonetheless, the phenotypical consequences of some of these variants remain unclear. Many Y-chromosome geographically differentiated haplogroups have been defined in the human population. However, the information available on the Y chromosome sequence in GenBank belongs only to the European haplogroup R. Recent studies have shown that high mutation rates have driven extensive structural polymorphism among human Y chromosomes.


IMBS Workshop “Science, Ethics and Society” open for registration!

Felicitas S. Holzer, Roland Mertelsmann, Christoph Borner

Affiliation: University of Buenos Aires

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.4.217

INSTITUTION: Institut für molekulare Medizin und Zellforschung, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg. The International Master in Biomedical Sciences (IMBS) team invites you to the Symposium “Science, Ethics and Arts”. IMBS is a joint Program and collaboration between the Albert Ludwig University Freiburg and the University of Buenos Aires. We annually welcome students from all parts of the world. We warmly invite you to attend the Workshop "Science, Ethics and Arts", which is subject to registration from Monday, October 10 to Thursday, October 13, 2016. This Workshop is an integral part of the two-year Master program in Biomedical Sciences. Lecturers from the Albert Ludwig University Freiburg, the Thales Academy Freiburg, the University of Buenos Aires, FLACSO Buenos Aires, and the National University of Mexico will address topics related to the ethics of human health, science, technology, and research.