The “Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts – JOSHA” has been initiated to create a novel internet platform to access the broad diversity of important discoveries and creativity in the fields of Science, Humanities and Arts. Read more ...

Die vergessene Seite in der Klimapolitik: Das Grüne Paradoxon im Lichte von Hotelling und Solow-Stiglitz

Felicitas Holzer

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.1.10

Languages: German

Beginnend mit einem neoklassischen Modell von Solow und Stiglitz wird ein gesellschaftliches Optimum für den Extraktionspfad erschöpfbarer fossiler Energieträger hergeleitet. Der durch die Planung eines benevolenten Diktators generierte Abbaupfad stellt für alle Generationen ein pareto-optimale – d.h. eine intertemporale Besserstellung einzelner Generationen ist nicht mehr möglich – (und damit normativ begründbare) Lösung dar. Es wird genauer ein optimales Verhältnis zwischen Sachkapital- und Resssourceneinsatz für die volkswirtschaftliche Produktion zu jedem Zeitpunkt t gewählt. Das „positive Pendant“ zur normativen Solow-Stiglitz-Bedingung stellt die Hotelling-Regel dar. Ausgangspunkt ist jedoch nicht das gesellschaftliche Optimierungskalkül, sondern das intertemporale Portfolioproblem der Ressourcenbesitzer. Es wird der Barwert aller auf den gegenwärtigen Zeitpunkt abdiskontierten Gewinne im Zeitablauf maximiert.


Jazz e Sostituzioni Armoniche: Verso un Nuovo Formalismo - Jazz and Harmonic Substitutions: Towards a New Formalism

Carmine Cataldo

Affiliation: Independent Researcher, Jazz Pianist and Composer, PhD in Mechanical Engineering, Battipaglia (SA), Italy

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.1.381

Languages: Italian

This article represents a translated and revised version of the paper “Towards a Music Algebra: Fundamental Harmonic Substitutions in Jazz”. In this paper, the most common harmonic substitutions, at least as far as jazz music is concerned, is unconventionally addressed. The novelty consists of introducing a new method finalized to formally defining and logically applying all the fundamental harmonic substitutions, by exploiting an unusually rigorous notation. After defining the substitutions and discussing their applicability, we resort to them in order to modify some simple harmonic progressions substantially based upon a banal major turnaround.


Search for synthetic and natural substances with in vitro bioactivity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Maria-Fernanda Moreno , Wellman Ribón

Affiliation: Universidad Industrial de Santander. Colombia.

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.1.380

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

tuberculosis (TB) is still considered as an important worldwide health problem. For this reason, national and international health agencies encourage the researchers to improve and strengthen the control strategies and disease treatment. Currently, there have been important advances in the discovery and development of drugs that probably will be included in the standard scheme of anti-TB treatment, however for many of the current treatments, there have been resistant strains reported and even worst for most of the new treatments resistance is expected, making it necessary to maintain a continuous search for treatment alternatives.


Rolling Pumpkin

Mitra Zarif-Kayvan

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.1.379

Languages: German, Persian

''The rolling pumpkin'' is a very popular children's fairy tale in Iran which has been orally passed on from one generation to another. Moreover, ''the rolling pumpkin'' has been published as a picture book with Persian text and rhymes in different versions. The fairy tale revolves around an old woman who is strong, courageous and self-confident. She lives completely alone and makes her own living. She embarks alone on a perilous trip to visit her daughter. On the way to the daughter, she encounters dangerous animals. She is scared but resists and defends herself. At the end, she saves her life completely alone with courage, cleverness, and reason. With the support of Ghazaleh Hinzen (Shayan) and Jan Michaelis. This is a preview of the full book, which can be ordered directly from the author or by completing the order form by pressing the "Order Book/Reprint" button.


Frau Kakerlake und Herr Maus

Mitra Zarif-Kayvan

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.1.378

Languages: German, Persian

"Khale Suske und Agha Mushe" (In Persian for Aunt cockroach and Mr. Maus) is the most famous and most popular child fairy tale in Iran which has been orally passed on from one generation to another. The fairy tale revolves around a cockroach, Khale Suske who is nice and eloquent and she proceeds completely alone on an adventurous, perilous trip to marry the rich businessman Mash Ramezun. At the end, she meets Agha Mushe with and her life takes an unexpected change. The central figures of this fable, the cockroach, and the mouse correspond to the characters from original story. The craftsmen appearing as animals are inventions of Mitra Zarif-Kayvan. Mitra Zarif-Kayvan was born in Teheran / Iran. At the age of 32 years, she emigrated with her two daughters to Germany and lives currently in Dusseldorf. She works as a freelance painter and art teacher in elementary schools and kindergartens. Besides she is also a storyteller and writes poems and stories.


Psychology based on evidence and panic disorder; analysis of a case study

Jorge Alberto Velásques Castrillón

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.1.377

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

This single case study aims to analyse the case of a patient suffering panic disorder, accompanied by a recurrent depressive disorder. As a treatment, therapies based on empirical evidence were used. During the evaluation phase, a symptoms severity scale for panic disorder, a depression inventory from Beck, 1979 and a clinical interview were used; additionally, therapeutic targets were proposed, and panic cognitive therapy was applied; the therapy was developed during 17 treatment sessions, where the techniques of psychoeducation, cognitive restructuring, relaxation and interceptive exposure were used; At the end of the treatment there was a significant decrease in the symptoms of panic, anxiety and depression that helped to improve the overall conditions of the patient. When comparing the results obtained after the treatment process, the results show congruencies with the available literature.


TRANSCEND a new Translational Medicine hub at the east edge of European Union.

Eugen Carasevici

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.1.376

Languages: English

The functional concept of TRANSCEND is equally in favor of independent continuation and subsistence of each unit through dedicated projects and financial capital as well as comprehensive projects that fit into place all units of the center for the design of a biomarker with diagnostic value and ultimately linked to the application of a specific and tailored therapy. Pairing Diagnostics with Therapeutics is currently framed under the notion of theranostic. TRANSCEND will promote this convention implying that drugs must be paired with diagnostic biomarkers to enable the right drug to be selected for the right patient at the right time. Central to the integration in such a scheme, which aspire to diagnose, deliver targeted therapy and monitor the response to therapy, is the growth of units of proteomics, bioinformatics and isotopic tracer production for developing a translational biomarker repertoire and a functionally interpretable systems medicine.


Why do women bleach? Understanding the rationale behind skin bleaching and the influence of media in promoting skin bleaching

Oberiri D. Apuke

Affiliation: Department of Mass Communication, Taraba State University, Jalingo.

Languages: English

This paper demonstrates the rationale behind skin bleaching and the influence of media in promoting skin bleaching. A narrative literature review was adopted as the design. Data sources included Google Scholar, Google, and the Scopus. The narrative review was conducted from July 2017 to November 2017. This study revealed that women engage in skin lightening because light skin is associated with higher status, privilege, and beauty, thus, women feel the need to bleach their skin to look beautiful and attract high-status mates. In the entertainment industry, music videos project white skin ladies more than the black ones. Thus, corporations manipulate audiences through advertising, making people believe that with lighter skin, they have more chances to succeed. Evidence from this paper demonstrates that the entertainment industry only portrays the “good” part of skin bleaching, completely hiding the dangerous part of it.


DISTRIBUTED LEADERSHIP AN INSTRUMENT FOR SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT: THE STUDY OF PUBLIC SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS IN GHANA

Dandy George D. Dampson

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.1.374

Languages: English

The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of distributed leadership in Public Senior High Schools (SHS) with regard to school improvement. Using the Explanatory Sequential Mixed-Method design, 92 teachers and 4 head masters and 4 assistant head masters were randomly and census sampled. Three research questions were formulated and were analysed using simple percentages, mean and constant comparative thematic approach. The study revealed that generally head and assistant head masters and teachers recognize the practice of distributed leadership style in the SHS, that is they perceive distributed leadership as a shared leadership where everyone is considered as a leader and given leadership opportunities. The findings further revealed that traditional and rigid leadership structure, lack of shared responsibility amongst teachers, leaders fear to involve teachers were the dominant challenges of distributed leadership in the study area.


If you speak it, you play it.

Ugo Rodolico

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.1.373

Languages: Italian

There is a strong need to keep continuously developing new systems of understanding and translation of musical notation (music theory), bearing in mind the close relationship between rhythm, body, and language also stressed by Carl Orff, according to which “at the beginning of each musical exercise, whether melodic or rhythmic, there is a linguistic exercise”. Playing a musical instrument not only constitutes a specific skill in a professional sphere but, more generally, contributes in harmonic terms by activating the synthesis of emotional intelligence that lies between thinking and feeling. The teaching of the drum is certainly the most immediate and engaging way to center all the technical, musical and training objectives provided. Language, in its purest form, becomes a support for the rhythm played on percussion instruments and in particular on the drum.