HOTELS - DESIGN PRINCIPLES - in the Albanian Language

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.312

Each chapter of textbook presents and reflects the normative, standards, technical details of the Tourism and Hotel Architectural Design Principles, accompanied with photographs, drawings, sketches and case studies, followed by discussions, quotes, and citations by various authors, as well as official government publications as the academic comparative references. There are eleven chapters, each chapter extensive explain and discuss issues related to the specific topic of the Tourism and Hotel Architectural Design Principles. The chapters from two to three: Introduces and elaborates the fundamental definitions in the context of the diversity of the meaning variations, followed by the criteria and classification of the hotels.


COMMERCIAL HYBRID BUILDINGS - Planning and Design - in the Albanian Language

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.309

Each chapter of textbook presents and reflects the standards, technical details of the Hybrid Buildings architectural design, accompanied by photographs, drawings, sketches and case studies. There are six chapters, each chapter extensive explain and discuss issues related to the specific topic of Commercial Hybrid Building Design Principles. The second chapter presents and elaborates the history and the development of the road transports. The third chapter elaborates the classification and road urban systems. The fourth chapter introduces the basic principles of parking garages functions, followed by the main chapter of this monograph, which describes the environmental concepts for parking garages locations, guidelines and conceptual design principles of parking garages structures with commercial buildings. The fifth chapter elaborates the design practice and design principles with presented case studies.


AIRPORTS - PLANNING AND DESIGN - In the Albanian Language

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.307

Each chapter of textbook presents, and reflects to the standards, technical details of the airports architectural design, accompanied with photographs, drawings, sketches and case studies. The textbook is divided into eleven chapters as a result of the specificity of the study to the airports architectural design. The first, second and third chapters, presents and elaborates the history of the aviation and airports, followed by the classification and systems of the airports mega structures. The chapters from four to five: introduces the basic principles of airports terminal functions, followed by the main chapter of this monograph, which describe the concepts, guidelines and conceptual design principles of airports architectural design, further strengthened the design principles with three case studies.


SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN - Principles - In the Albanian Language

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.306

Each chapter presents, and reflects the guide of the technical details of sustainable architectural design, accompanied with photographs, drawings and case studies. The textbook is divided into sixteen chapters as a result of the specificity of the study. The second chapter presents and elaborates the specifics of the current practice of the linear design process, followed by the third chapter, which elaborates the fundamental definitions in the context of the diversity of the meaning variations. The chapters from four to eight: Introduces new approaches by which architects are responding to the challenges for creating sustainable architecture, defining the contemporary approaches to the organic architecture which are inspired by nature, analyzing and describing the basic principles on achieving the human comfort, followed by the main chapter of this monograph, which describe the concepts, guidelines and conceptual design principles in terms of a sustainable architectural design.


Max Frisch – The Problem of Identity in his Work from a Psychoanalytical Point of View - Max Frisch - Die Identitätsproblematik in seinem Werk aus psychoanalytischer Sicht

Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann

Affiliation: Universität Freiburg

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.300

This article ist the first topic oft the dissertation „Max Frisch - Die Identitätsproblematik in seinem Werk aus psychoanalytischer Sicht“ by the German philologist and psychoanalyst Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann. She reflects on the special bond and interaction between FREUD`s psychoanalysis and Max FRISCH`s characters, on the universal subjects of life and humanity represented in his work. What is identity, how does it change when love enters the picture, and where can society fit into our very personal understanding of who we are? What does it mean if we fail and how does the reflection of our own personality change when we do? In this first part, Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann writes about the problem of identity with a special focus on the role of gender. The following article is written in German. (reprinted with kind permission of „Akademischer Verlag Heinz-Dieter“, Stuttgart 1976). Keywords: Max Frisch, Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis, Gender, Identity, Language: German


The Role of Interpretation in Art

Puni Yini Evelyn, Puni Yini Evelyn

Art movements, across various cultures over the centuries have been influenced by ideas and events of the time - mostly of war and political instabilities. It looks into the various possibilities of the interpretation of such art work across culture, space, and time. It is a tool - powerful and accessible - to portray social consciousness due to its ability to shape ideas in man.


Nachts

Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.2.295

This article is part of a series of short stories published in the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts by the young author Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer, who received the "Jean-Paul" Award in 2013 and the "Tom Sawyer" Award in 2012 for her work. Her last story "Prom Night" (published in Volume 4, Issue 1) was written in English, but this time JOSHA is publishing one of her German stories. Someone is awake at night. We don’t know her name and we don’t know where she is or why she woke up. The only thing we get to know is how this young girl experiences the moments of silence and the warm feeling of beeing sure that everyone she cares about is sleeping safe and peaceful in their beds while she wanders through a lonely, but beautiful night. And maybe she isn’t really alone after all... Dieser Artikel ist Teil einer Kurzgeschichtenreihe der jungen Autorin Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer, die 2013 den „Jean-Paul“ Award und 2012 den „Tom Sawyer“ Award für ihre Arbeit erhalten hat.


THE GROWITH OF PHARMACEUTICAL BUSINESS IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA, 1976-1999

Usman Al-amin, Usman Al-amin

Affiliation: Department of History, University of Maiduguri Borno State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Pharmaceuticals, especially drug distribution, are priceless that no nation can survive without them. The business has virtually touched the lives of people in so many ways. This work focuses on pharmaceutical business in Maiduguri, Borno State of Nigeria from 1976 to 1999. Primary and secondary sources generated from interviews and documentary data from libraries and other centers formed the bedrock of the data used in producing the paper. The primary sources included: interviews with present pharmaceutical operators, random sample interviews with wholesalers, retailers, peddlers, pharmacists and individuals of the Borno State Ministry of Health, NAFDAC officials as well as some of the oldest operators of pharmaceutical stores in Borno State.


Individuality and integrity of humans in the modern age: Considerations of a natural scientist

Werner Schempp

Affiliation: Institute of Human Genetics, Albert-Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.2.284

We owe the unexpected and rapid progress in medical research and therapeutic methods to the far-reaching scientific knowledge of the past decades. Nowadays, the Internet makes information available worldwide within seconds, and, through social media, creates a "reality" that can hardly be verified. On the one hand, this development makes the modern people in the high-tech regions of our world striving, more than ever, for individuality and self-realization. On the other hand, these technical possibilities, such as interventions in reproductive medicine, organ transplantation, advances in cloning techniques, or the development of artificial intelligence, favor a "de-individualization" of the human being. Art can be a mediator for overcoming this completely polar development in today's science. [Article in German] Acknowledgments: I thank Drs. Birgitta Gläser, Ingvo Broich, Michael Leipoldt, and Michael Wolf for critically reading and suggesting improvements to this article.


THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY-BASED AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN POVERTY REDUCTION IN BURSARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF YOBE STATE, NIGERIA: 2005-2009

Usman Al-amin, Usman Al-amin, Usman Al-amin

Affiliation: Department of History, University of Maiduguri Borno State, Nigeria

The Community Base Agricultural and Rural Development Programme (CBARDP) in conjunction with International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD subsequently referred as CBARDP/IFAD) is an important poverty reduction Programme. The Programme contributed to improvement of the lives of the people, particularly the vulnerable in poor rural participating areas, which also helped in the prevention of degradation of the environment. This study examine the role of the Programme in poverty reduction in the participating communities of Guba, Kaliyari, and Kurnawa in Bursari Local Government Area of Yobe State, Nigeria from 2005–2009. In doing so, examination of relevant materials and conduction of interviews with some of the beneficiaries of the scheme and staff of the Programme formed the sources of data used in analysing the impact of the programme.