Welcome Wolfgang Newerla to the JOSHA editorial board

Wolfgang Newerla

Affiliation: International Academy of Science, Humanities, and Arts

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.4.344

Languages: English

His great musical curiosity gave the baritone an early reputation as a singer with the most interesting repertoire of his field. After engagements in Ulm and Freiburg, he has been a guest at many important national and international opera houses such as the Theater an der Wien, the Vienna Volksoper, the Teatro Real in Madrid, the Opéra National de Lyon, the Staatsoper Berlin, the Deutsche Oper am Rhine, Staatsoper Hannover and festivals such as the Ruhrtriennale and the Schwetzingen Festival since1999 In June 2014 he debuted with great success at the Staatsoper Munich in a new production of Zimmermann's soldier (Kirill Petrenko / Director: Andreas Kriegenburg). Recently he was seen in Calixto Bieitos production of Janáček AUS EINEM TOTENHAUS at the Staatsstheater in Nuremberg. With Zimmermann's soldiers, he will make his debut at the Teatro Real in Madrid in the spring of 2018. Besides the opera, Wolfgang Newerla focuses on the concert sector.


Timothy

Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer

Affiliation: Albert-Ludwigs-Univerity Freiburg

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.4.343

Languages: English

This article is part of a series of short stories published in the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts by the young author Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer, who received the "Jean-Paul“ Award in 2013 and the "Tom Sawyer" Award in 2012 for her work. She already published two short stories in JOSHA: "Prom Night" (published in Volume 4, Issue 1/English) and "Nachts" (published in Volume 4, Issue 2/German). The following story is written in English. Special thanks to Theodora Pfeiffer for supporting this publication by proof-reading! What are we afraid of? Is it the idea of leaving our usual paths? Is it uncertainty or simply the acceptance that we can never have complete control over everything? Clara lives between the worlds of acceptance, uncertainty, and control without being part of any of them. In this special night, she meets someone from another world. Someone who can fly like a bird. Someone who is brave enough to dream. Someone who makes her feel less alone. Someone special...


Il Linguaggio Be-Bop e gli Accordi di Settima di Prima Specie [The Be-Bop Language and The Dominant Seventh Chords]

Carmine Cataldo

Affiliation: Independent Researcher, Jazz Pianist and Composer, PhD in Mechanical Engineering, Battipaglia (SA), Italy

Languages: English

In questo articolo vengono discusse, in via esclusiva, le tecniche d’improvvisazione relative agli Accordi di Settima di Dominante. Il lettore, cui di fatto non è richiesto il possesso d’alcun background di carattere jazzistico, è subito portato ad esprimersi, per così dire, adoperando il Linguaggio Be-Bop. Il metodo è semplice e intuitivo. Si parte dalla presentazione d’una “Frase Fondamentale”, costruita sulla Triade Maggiore, dalla quale vengono istantaneamente dedotte ulteriori proposizioni. Le frasi così ottenute vengono successivamente modificate, effettuando semplici “tagli” ovvero aggiungendo nuove “parole”, e tra di loro variamente combinate. This article represents a translated and revised version of the paper "The Art of Improvising: the Be-Bop Language and the Dominant Seventh Chords". In this paper we exclusively discuss the improvisation techniques concerning the Dominant Seventh Chords.


Il Linguaggio Be-Bop e gli Accordi di Settima di Seconda Specie [The Be-Bop Language and The Minor Seventh Chords]

Carmine Cataldo

Affiliation: Independent Researcher, Jazz Pianist and Composer, PhD in Mechanical Engineering, Battipaglia (SA), Italy

Languages: English

In questo articolo vengono discusse, in via praticamente esclusiva, le tecniche d’improvvisazione relative agli Accordi di Settima di Seconda Specie. Il lettore, cui di fatto non è richiesto il possesso d’alcun background di carattere jazzistico, è subito portato ad esprimersi, per così dire, adoperando il Linguaggio Be-Bop. Il metodo è semplice e intuitivo. Si parte dalla presentazione d’una “Frase Fondamentale”, costruita sulla Triade Minore, dalla quale vengono istantaneamente dedotte ulteriori proposizioni. Le frasi così ottenute vengono successivamente modificate, effettuando semplici “tagli” ovvero aggiungendo nuove “parole”, e tra di loro variamente combinate. In aggiunta, è brevemente trattata la cosiddetta “Tonicizzazione”, ed esaminata la compatibilità tra le frasi in questa sede dedotte per gli accordi di settima di seconda specie e gli “Accordi Parenti” di prima e terza specie.


Il Linguaggio Be-Bop e gli Accordi di Settima di Prima Specie [The Be-Bop Language and The Dominant Seventh Chords]

Carmine Cataldo

Affiliation: Independent Researcher, Jazz Pianist and Composer, PhD in Mechanical Engineering, Battipaglia (SA), Italy

Languages: English

In questo articolo vengono discusse, in via esclusiva, le tecniche d’improvvisazione relative agli Accordi di Settima di Dominante. Il lettore, cui di fatto non è richiesto il possesso d’alcun background di carattere jazzistico, è subito portato ad esprimersi, per così dire, adoperando il Linguaggio Be-Bop. Il metodo è semplice e intuitivo. Si parte dalla presentazione d’una “Frase Fondamentale”, costruita sulla Triade Maggiore, dalla quale vengono istantaneamente dedotte ulteriori proposizioni. Le frasi così ottenute vengono successivamente modificate, effettuando semplici “tagli” ovvero aggiungendo nuove “parole”, e tra di loro variamente combinate. [English] This article represents a translated and revised version of the paper "The Art of Improvising: the Be-Bop Language and the Dominant Seventh Chords". In this paper we exclusively discuss the improvisation techniques concerning the Dominant Seventh Chords.


The Role of Interpretation in Art

Puni Yini Evelyn, Puni Yini Evelyn

Languages: English

Art movements, across various cultures over the centuries have been influenced by ideas and events of the time - mostly of war and political instabilities. It looks into the various possibilities of the interpretation of such art work across culture, space, and time. It is a tool - powerful and accessible - to portray social consciousness due to its ability to shape ideas in man.


Nachts

Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.2.295

Languages: German

This article is part of a series of short stories published in the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts by the young author Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer, who received the "Jean-Paul" Award in 2013 and the "Tom Sawyer" Award in 2012 for her work. Her last story "Prom Night" (published in Volume 4, Issue 1) was written in English, but this time JOSHA is publishing one of her German stories. Someone is awake at night. We don’t know her name and we don’t know where she is or why she woke up. The only thing we get to know is how this young girl experiences the moments of silence and the warm feeling of beeing sure that everyone she cares about is sleeping safe and peaceful in their beds while she wanders through a lonely, but beautiful night. And maybe she isn’t really alone after all... Dieser Artikel ist Teil einer Kurzgeschichtenreihe der jungen Autorin Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer, die 2013 den „Jean-Paul“ Award und 2012 den „Tom Sawyer“ Award für ihre Arbeit erhalten hat.


THE GROWITH OF PHARMACEUTICAL BUSINESS IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA, 1976-1999

Usman Al-amin, Usman Al-amin

Affiliation: Department of History, University of Maiduguri Borno State, Nigeria

Languages: English

ABSTRACT Pharmaceuticals, especially drug distribution, are priceless that no nation can survive without them. The business has virtually touched the lives of people in so many ways. This work focuses on pharmaceutical business in Maiduguri, Borno State of Nigeria from 1976 to 1999. Primary and secondary sources generated from interviews and documentary data from libraries and other centers formed the bedrock of the data used in producing the paper. The primary sources included: interviews with present pharmaceutical operators, random sample interviews with wholesalers, retailers, peddlers, pharmacists and individuals of the Borno State Ministry of Health, NAFDAC officials as well as some of the oldest operators of pharmaceutical stores in Borno State.


Individuality and integrity of humans in the modern age: Considerations of a natural scientist

Werner Schempp

Affiliation: Institute of Human Genetics, Albert-Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.2.284

Languages: German

We owe the unexpected and rapid progress in medical research and therapeutic methods to the far-reaching scientific knowledge of the past decades. Nowadays, the Internet makes information available worldwide within seconds, and, through social media, creates a "reality" that can hardly be verified. On the one hand, this development makes the modern people in the high-tech regions of our world striving, more than ever, for individuality and self-realization. On the other hand, these technical possibilities, such as interventions in reproductive medicine, organ transplantation, advances in cloning techniques, or the development of artificial intelligence, favor a "de-individualization" of the human being. Art can be a mediator for overcoming this completely polar development in today's science. [Article in German] Acknowledgments: I thank Drs. Birgitta Gläser, Ingvo Broich, Michael Leipoldt, and Michael Wolf for critically reading and suggesting improvements to this article.


THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY-BASED AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN POVERTY REDUCTION IN BURSARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF YOBE STATE, NIGERIA: 2005-2009

Usman Al-amin, Usman Al-amin, Usman Al-amin

Affiliation: Department of History, University of Maiduguri Borno State, Nigeria

Languages: English

The Community Base Agricultural and Rural Development Programme (CBARDP) in conjunction with International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD subsequently referred as CBARDP/IFAD) is an important poverty reduction Programme. The Programme contributed to improvement of the lives of the people, particularly the vulnerable in poor rural participating areas, which also helped in the prevention of degradation of the environment. This study examine the role of the Programme in poverty reduction in the participating communities of Guba, Kaliyari, and Kurnawa in Bursari Local Government Area of Yobe State, Nigeria from 2005–2009. In doing so, examination of relevant materials and conduction of interviews with some of the beneficiaries of the scheme and staff of the Programme formed the sources of data used in analysing the impact of the programme.