Die vergessene Seite in der Klimapolitik: Das Grüne Paradoxon im Lichte von Hotelling und Solow-Stiglitz
Beginnend mit einem neoklassischen Modell von Solow und Stiglitz wird ein gesellschaftliches Optimum für den Extraktionspfad erschöpfbarer fossiler Energieträger hergeleitet. Der durch die Planung eines benevolenten Diktators generierte Abbaupfad stellt für alle Generationen ein pareto-optimale – d.h. eine intertemporale Besserstellung einzelner Generationen ist nicht mehr möglich – (und damit normativ begründbare) Lösung dar. Es wird genauer ein optimales Verhältnis zwischen Sachkapital- und Resssourceneinsatz für die volkswirtschaftliche Produktion zu jedem Zeitpunkt t gewählt. Das „positive Pendant“ zur normativen Solow-Stiglitz-Bedingung stellt die Hotelling-Regel dar. Ausgangspunkt ist jedoch nicht das gesellschaftliche Optimierungskalkül, sondern das intertemporale Portfolioproblem der Ressourcenbesitzer. Es wird der Barwert aller auf den gegenwärtigen Zeitpunkt abdiskontierten Gewinne im Zeitablauf maximiert.
Affiliation: International Academy of Sciences, Humanities, and Arts
International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and provide open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.
Architecture and design dominate the 5th issue of JOSHA. Dr Bajçinovci, from the University of Pristine in Kosovo, published 4 new architectural textbooks. The JOSHA editorial team attended the Frankfurt Book Fair, taking part from the 11th to the 15th of October. The participation in the fair was extremely successful, it was a really interesting and important time for the whole team and gave us the opportunity to share our intentions and ideas with people from all around the world.We established great contacts with publishers from Iran, Georgia and Colombia and managed to inspire them with the great vision of making literature, textbooks and children's books available for all visitors of the JOSHA website. In the section of Medicine, Dr Gonzales et.al., from the Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia, published an original article in Spanish describing urinary tract infection (UTI) as a marker of poor outcome in children with severe neutropenia following chemotherapy.
On September 13, 2017, the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts editorial board, collaborators and close friends enjoyed a wonderful artistic night with the amazing performance by the soprano Kim-Lillian Strebel and pianist Daniel Carter, delightfully accompanied by the moving poetry of the young writer Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer. The beautiful Meckelhalle in Freiburg was the perfect scenario for this wonderful event.
Our team has been representing the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts at the Frankfurt Book Fair from October 11th to October 15th at the Frankfurt Trade Fair grounds in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. We are really thankful for the great cooperations we were able to establish and are looking forward to developing our projects including all the wonderful input we got at the book fair.
The arts, the humanities and our Demetrios project dominate the fourth issue of JOSHA of this year. Ten contributions came together for a very artistic issue. In the present issue, we find further announcements of our important Demetrios project, this time in Albanian, Tamil and Rumanian. We currently reach 15 different languages for the project, and more are yet to come. This issue of JOSHA presents a new feature for our users, the “print on demand” option. With this option, you can get printed version of the PDFs published on JOSHA with a customised cover-page or a whole set of your favourite articles from the diverse topics available in JOSHA. The print on demand option is also available for works deposited exclusively in the Archive. The JOSHA editorial team took the remarkable opportunity to attend the Frankfurt Book Fair. We were happy to take part in such an important event and receive feedback and support from colleagues and readers from all around the world.
The Journal of Science, Humanities, and Arts is happy to announce that we will take part at the upcoming Frankfurt Book Fair, opening on October 11th, 2017 at the Frankfurt Trade Fair grounds in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. We are very proud of being part of such an important event and share our significant mission with the thousands of visitors that the fair receives every year. We will be showing, for instance, the full features of our software, our current main work, the Demetrios project, and information about the International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts IAHSA, among others. Come to visit us at stand number 4.2 A 42. We look forward to receiving you at our stand to have interesting interactions, explain you our important work, answer all your questions and get feedback from you that will helps us to improve JOSHA constantly.
Affiliation: Associate Editor at JOSHA
With the September 2017 issue, JOSHA goes beyond being an electronic journal by introducing the new ‘Print on demand’ feature. This feature enables you to order a printed version of your favorite articles. The ‘print on demand’ feature is available for all individual articles with an option also to combine multiple articles from various issues and customize them into one. The printed version can be ordered by clicking on the ‘Order Print on Demand’ button below every published article. The print request can be completed by filling the form which appears when the ‘Print on demand’ button is clicked. You can order any number of copies. After you place your order you will receive a quote regarding the cost of printing your selection. There is also an option for a custom-designed cover page, which you might need for your thesis. This service is also available for manuscripts, theses and any type of work submitted and deposited only in the JOSHA archive.
In JOSHA, many different disciplines come together in one place to create an extremely interesting issue including 10 different manuscripts with topics covering philosophy, medicine, architecture, artificial intelligence and special topics. In the present issue, JOSHA also proudly presents the Demetrios Project. It’s an ambitious multicultural, multilingual, multidisciplinary project that seeks to make knowledge widely available in all languages, for all countries and in all fields: sciences, humanities, law, arts and many others areas of discovery, creativity as well as critical analysis. In the present issue, the project is presented in 10 different languages: French, German, English, Spanish, Albanian, Persian, Mandarin, Portuguese, Russian and Hungarian, and more languages will come in the upcoming issues.
No idea of risk: Expensive environmental and health panic. Keine Ahnung von Risiko: Teure Umwelt- und Gesundheitspanik.
Affiliation: TU Dortmund
Most people cannot handle risks and probabilities. For alarmists, this is an advantage, for everything new, it is an obstacle How does one recognize a real princess? According to Hans Christian Andersen`s Fairy Tale, by the fact that she is tormented by a pea under twenty mattresses. In the same way millions of Germans have been driven from one panic into the next for decades: by acrylamide and BSE, nitrofen and dioxin (all of course only in the relevant doses), glycol in the wine, E. coli in the salad and amalgam in the teeth, nitrate in groundwater and glyphosate in beer, bird flu and swine fever, anthrax, radiation and electrosmog – it is a miracle that we are still alive. In reality, of course, truth, the health of Germans as measured by life expectancy is constantly increasing. Current anxieties focus on nitric oxide and fipronil, the new egg poison.