The “Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts – JOSHA” has been initiated to create a novel internet platform to access the broad diversity of important discoveries and creativity in the fields of Science, Humanities and Arts. Read more ...

The 1971 War on Cancer Revisited

Roland Mertelsmann

Affiliation: Albert-Ludwigs Universität, Freiburg

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.6.245

Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. President Roosevelt first established the National Cancer Institute and, later, President Nixon signed into law the National Cancer Act of 1971 to make the “Conquest of Cancer […] a national crusade”, declaring the “War on Cancer.” The worldwide research efforts focusing on the molecular and cellular biology and clinical spectrum of cancer have led to a better understanding of cancer as an acquired genetic disease, as well as to the importance of evolutionary processes in carcinogenesis and the clinical course of cancer. Based on these insights, novel therapeutic concepts have been developed and are already significantly improving the outlook for patients with cancer. PICTURE: Ludwig Köhler, Sculptures.

Conservation of biodiversity – ecology against economy

Guenter Hager

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.6.246

Today we are confronted with a growing loss of biodiversity. All of us agree that we must do something to save the biodiversity. In his lecture, Prof. Hager focuses on the question what is the task of the law in this context. His lecture has three parts. In the first part, he discusses a famous case on biodiversity. The case opens the way to the second part where the efficiency of environmental law is discussed. In the third part, Prof. Hager outlines the structure of a modern ecological environmental law.

Arts at the Symposium "Science, Ethics and Arts"

Stephan Seiler

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.6.244

In this article, JOSHA's Editor Stephan Seiler reviews the arts exhibition that took place during the Symposium "Science, Ethics and Arts". Herein he presents the work of four artists with four different approaches: the photographer Anna Boksa, the young painter Giulia Musella, the internationally well-known artist John Tun Sein, and the sculptor Ludwig Köhler.

The Social Value of Knowledge in Medical Research

Felicitas Holzer

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.6.243

The “socially valuable knowledge” (SVK) principle has been widely acknowledged as one of the most important guiding principles for research involving human subjects. In this presentation, Felicitas Holzer reconstructs the main arguments of the discussion between defenders and debunkers of the SVK principle and offer a third way to consider the social value of knowledge in research studies. PICTURE: John Tun Sein, Untitled 2016.

Ethics of clinical innovation

Ignacio Mastroleo

Affiliation: CONICET

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.6.242

In this presentation, Dr. Mastroleo defends the view that clinical innovation should be understood, following Levine, as non-validated medical practice. Moreover, he argues that if this is the correct interpretation of clinical innovation this implies that the ethics of clinical innovation are different from (some) clinical research and validated medical practice. PICTURE: Anna Boksa, "Damian".

Pathways in the regulation of clinical stem cell research: harmonization, “double discourse” and alter-standardization

Federico Vasen

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.6.241

In this presentation, Dr. Vasen explores the regulatory developments in stem cell medicine in the main national jurisdictions. He claims that the field is undergoing a process of diversification and indetify three pathways of regulatory development: international harmonization, "double discourse" and alter-standardization. The presentation is based on previous work published together with Achim Rosemann, Gabriela Bortz, and Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner. PICTURE: Giulia Musella, Woman on a flower meadow.

JOSHA Table of Contents - Volume 3 Issue 5

Evguenia Alechine

Affiliation: University of Buenos Aires

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.5.240

The current issue of the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts brings exciting news to our readers along with eight novel contributions to the scientific, humanities, and arts fields. We dedicated this issue mainly to philosophy, ethics, law, and arts, which is mainly focused on the interdisciplinary relationship between these fields. We expect that you will enjoy it and we are already looking forward to what the next JOSHA articles will bring to our Science, Humanities, and Arts community.

Exhibition at the Symposium "Science, Ethics and Arts"

Stephan Seiler

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.5.239

The International Master in Biomedical Sciences (IMBS) team and the International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts (IASHA) are happy to announce that an exhibition of regional artists will accompany the Symposium "Science, Ethics and Arts", which is open to the general public on Friday, October 14 at the “Haus zur Lieben Hand” in Freiburg im Breisgau. The art exhibition will be opened during the symposium break at 1:30 pm and after the symposium at 5 pm. The following artists will present selected works: Anna Boksa Krawczak (photograph), Giulia Musella (painting), John Tun Sein (painting) and Ludwig Köhler (sculpture).

III International Congress on Translational Medicine - Buenos Aires, Argentina, Nov 21-22, 2016

Christoph Borner, Cristina Arranz

Affiliation: Dean Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry , University of Buenos Aires

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.5.237

The School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry of the University of Buenos Aires hosts the third International Congress on Translational Medicine on November 21st and 22nd, under the auspices of the German Embassy in Buenos Aires and the Asociacion de Universidades Grupo Montevideo. The International Congress will be held in the context of the International Master Program in Biomedical Sciences (IMBS) Cooperation, a German-Argentinean Study Program from the Universities of Freiburg and Buenos Aires which is currently being extended to the University of Montevideo, Uruguay. The Master Program was launched in 2008 and has already paved the way for many graduates who joined academic and professional careers. A broad range of topics in the fields of Molecular Biology and Medicine as well as Microsystems and Bioethics will be covered by the two-day Congress. Moreover, Prof. Dr.

Hybrid Structures as a Symbiotic Bond of Art and Science

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.3.5.233

INSTITUTION: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Prishtina, Kosovo. The world continues to expand its development in all possible spheres, and this expanding is in an arithmetic mode of progression, hence, as well the population continues to grow. So, in terms of urban dynamics, sustainable architecture and artistic challenges as presents this phenomenon, we need more environmental and sustainable clear objectives. What are hybrid buildings? What do they present? Currently, the potential for hybrid buildings has taken a real evolutive urban concept, in relation, and as a consequence of economics, lack of open spaces, spatial contemporary concepts with the urban prerequisites has increased the overall value of urban future zones. This paper explores the design concepts of structured hybrid buildings as a creative interdependence between science, art, architecture and human development.