The “Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts – JOSHA” has been initiated to create a novel internet platform to access the broad diversity of important discoveries and creativity in the fields of Science, Humanities and Arts. Read more ...

Predictive Policing - The Algorithm Knows When And Where You Will Commit Your Crime - Critical View Of New Possibilities In Police Work Using The Example Precobs.

Philipp Reichenbach

Affiliation: Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.308

Languages: German

Since the 19th-century police work has been based on the use and analysis of criminal data. Today these maps are created by software using self-learning algorithms, which are designed to enable not only data analysis but also predictions about the future. This software, based on the latest advances in data science is called predictive policing. It is a multidisciplinary approach involving the collection of large amounts of data as well as its systematically filtered evaluation and criminal theories. On the one hand, predictive policing software opens opportunities for making police work more efficient, reducing crime rates and increasing security at focal points. On the other hand, it is necessary to discuss critical issues like the possibility of false interpretation, poor data protection, privacy issues and racism.


AIRPORTS - PLANNING AND DESIGN - In the Albanian Language

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.307

Languages: Albanian

Each chapter of textbook presents, and reflects to the standards, technical details of the airports architectural design, accompanied with photographs, drawings, sketches and case studies. The textbook is divided into eleven chapters as a result of the specificity of the study to the airports architectural design. The first, second and third chapters, presents and elaborates the history of the aviation and airports, followed by the classification and systems of the airports mega structures. The chapters from four to five: introduces the basic principles of airports terminal functions, followed by the main chapter of this monograph, which describe the concepts, guidelines and conceptual design principles of airports architectural design, further strengthened the design principles with three case studies.


SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN - Principles - In the Albanian Language

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.306

Languages: Albanian

Each chapter presents, and reflects the guide of the technical details of sustainable architectural design, accompanied with photographs, drawings and case studies. The textbook is divided into sixteen chapters as a result of the specificity of the study. The second chapter presents and elaborates the specifics of the current practice of the linear design process, followed by the third chapter, which elaborates the fundamental definitions in the context of the diversity of the meaning variations. The chapters from four to eight: Introduces new approaches by which architects are responding to the challenges for creating sustainable architecture, defining the contemporary approaches to the organic architecture which are inspired by nature, analyzing and describing the basic principles on achieving the human comfort, followed by the main chapter of this monograph, which describe the concepts, guidelines and conceptual design principles in terms of a sustainable architectural design.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: Monographs and Papers in any Language

Felicitas S. Holzer, Roland H. Mertelsmann

Affiliation: University of Buenos Aires

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.305

Languages: German, English

The JOSHA Demetrios Project: Monographs, Textbooks and Papers in any Language as “Books as Open Online Content (BOOC)” Das JOSHA Demetrios Projekt: Monographien, Lehrbücher und Artikel in allen Sprachen zur kostenlosen Lektüre und zum kostenlosen Download (Books as Open Online Content “BOOC”). With this issue, JOSHA is starting a new project, the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries.


Max Frisch – The Problem of Identity in his Work from a Psychoanalytical Point of View - Max Frisch - Die Identitätsproblematik in seinem Werk aus psychoanalytischer Sicht

Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann

Affiliation: Universität Freiburg

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.300

Languages: German

This article ist the first topic oft the dissertation „Max Frisch - Die Identitätsproblematik in seinem Werk aus psychoanalytischer Sicht“ by the German philologist and psychoanalyst Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann. She reflects on the special bond and interaction between FREUD`s psychoanalysis and Max FRISCH`s characters, on the universal subjects of life and humanity represented in his work. What is identity, how does it change when love enters the picture, and where can society fit into our very personal understanding of who we are? What does it mean if we fail and how does the reflection of our own personality change when we do? In this first part, Gunda Lusser-Mertelsmann writes about the problem of identity with a special focus on the role of gender. The following article is written in German. (reprinted with kind permission of „Akademischer Verlag Heinz-Dieter“, Stuttgart 1976). Keywords: Max Frisch, Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis, Gender, Identity, Language: German


Editorial Volume 4 Issue 2

Anusha Venkatraman

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.3.299

Languages: English

In this issue, we once again have an amazing amalgamation of topics involving history, law, medicine and arts in 11 articles. The first article in this issue, contributed by Stephen Seiler, makes the readers revisit history. The article contributed by Frank Wertheimer addresses a key reform that has been made in the medical school education system in Germany. The contribution by Werner Schempp with his article ''Individuality and integrity of humans in the modern age: Considerations of a natural scientist'' gives the readers a food for thought. The authors Usman Al-Amin and group contributed two insightful articles on pharmaceutical boom and poverty reduction program in Nigeria. The author Charles Mark gives us fresh perspectives on the existing commercial agent's regulations in England and Scottland. Yet another exciting short story by Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer is refreshing and fun to read.


The Role of Interpretation in Art

Puni Yini Evelyn, Puni Yini Evelyn

Languages: English

Art movements, across various cultures over the centuries have been influenced by ideas and events of the time - mostly of war and political instabilities. It looks into the various possibilities of the interpretation of such art work across culture, space, and time. It is a tool - powerful and accessible - to portray social consciousness due to its ability to shape ideas in man.


The Applicability of the Alien Tort Statute to Human Rights Violations by Private Corporations

Hannah Dittmers

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.2.296

Languages: English

The Supreme Court of the United States in April 2017 announced to decide on an issue that is not uniformly assessed by US circuit courts: The highest US court granted the petition for certiorari on the question whether private corporations can be sued under the Alien Tort Statute of 1789, a rather cryptic US law that allows foreign plaintiffs to sue defendants before US courts for their violations of international (human rights) law. Among the circuit courts, the famous Kiobel decision of the Second Circuit was the only opinion that denied that corporations can be held accountable under the Act. Now the Supreme Court is going to rule on the contentious question, the answer to which will possibly have implications for the human rights litigation worldwide. Affiliation: University of Michigan Law School.


Scientific cooperation between Italy and Israel: A perspective looking to the future

Mario Pagliaro

Affiliation: Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati, Palermo, Italy

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.2.294

Languages: English

From renewable energy through neuroscience, from chemistry to nanotechnology, the scientific cooperation between Italy and Israel touches many fields and involves hundreds of scholars and students in both countries. We identify the main research policy factors that led to this successful outcome, and those that might drive forthcoming cooperation between these two Mediterranean countries whose science linkages have a long and significant history.


Nachts

Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.2.295

Languages: German

This article is part of a series of short stories published in the Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts by the young author Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer, who received the "Jean-Paul" Award in 2013 and the "Tom Sawyer" Award in 2012 for her work. Her last story "Prom Night" (published in Volume 4, Issue 1) was written in English, but this time JOSHA is publishing one of her German stories. Someone is awake at night. We don’t know her name and we don’t know where she is or why she woke up. The only thing we get to know is how this young girl experiences the moments of silence and the warm feeling of beeing sure that everyone she cares about is sleeping safe and peaceful in their beds while she wanders through a lonely, but beautiful night. And maybe she isn’t really alone after all... Dieser Artikel ist Teil einer Kurzgeschichtenreihe der jungen Autorin Zazie-Charlotte Pfeiffer, die 2013 den „Jean-Paul“ Award und 2012 den „Tom Sawyer“ Award für ihre Arbeit erhalten hat.