The “Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts – JOSHA” has been initiated to create a novel internet platform to access the broad diversity of important discoveries and creativity in the fields of Science, Humanities and Arts. Read more ...

„Ach, Sie sind Sänger, und was machen Sie tagsüber?“ / "so, you are a singer? and what else do you do on the day?"

Wolfgag Nerwerla

DOI: 10.17160/josha.5.1.372

Languages: German

Artists can only inspire the audience if they are enthusiastic, and if they focus on the things that they can do better than others: They live with seriousness and devotion in the service of author and composer, and especially of the piece to perform. The everyday life of a singer consists of course of a lot of practice and of studying. It takes about four to six years to invest only for the passion and love of music and for a diploma. Why do people still wonder what an oper singer actually does during the day? Wolfgang Newerla tells us about his experience of a life devoted to singing. (Abstract updated 2018.01.06)

Editorial of Volume 4, Issue 6 (2017)

Yaneth Ortiz

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.371

Languages: English

We presented our new feature and new sections design to allow our readers a more pleasant, productive, and easy access to the content of JOSHA Journal and Demetrios Books. As a multilingual platform and with the goal of allowing our worldwide readers an easier access to their language of preference, JOSHA included the "Select language to filter search" option. With this new feature, it will be possible to sort all the content in JOSHA by language. Additionally, we introduced new sections on our webpage, JOSHA Performing arts, music, DEMETRIOS Textbooks, DEMETRIOS Children's Books and DEMETRIOS Literary books.

Somatic mutation or epigenetic modification - Somatische Mutation oder epigenetische Modifikation

Horst Kress

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.370

Languages: German

In the first essay on the subject of the „Renaissance of Lamarckism“ (JOSHA Vol. 3, Issue 4), we explored the historical roots of this term. We saw that Lamarck's (1744-1829) concept ofabout the inheritance of characteristics acquired during an individual`s life through active adaptation was initially even accepted by Darwin. However, since neither the scientific nor the social/political experiment could validate this thesis, it is to be understood that until the 20th century Lamarck's ideas did not gain a foothold in the advancing natural sciences and were more or less pushed out of consciousness, In order to be able to come closer to the topic of inheritance of acquired characteristics, we will first deal with the development of the elucidation of the structure and function of the chromosomes in the present essay.

Photography and the Visual Brain

Chiara Salabé

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.369

Languages: English

Photography has the aim to provide knowledge about the world we live in seizing from the continually changing information one unique moment which expresses the reality (of the artist). Also the brain must discount a great deal of the information which is not essential to its aim of representing the true character of objects. OBJECTIVE: This essay describes the pathways of the brain preceding a camera shot, from the external sensory stimulus, to the elaboration in the neocortex, and finally to the response in the motor action represented by the “click”. The focus is on the visual brain; we will see how it is characterized by a set of parallel processing of perceptual stimuli as well as temporal hierarchical awareness of perception. We will also briefly describe how the elaboration of the external stimulus is transferred into motor action, which in the case of photography is able to capture the essential feature of a specific reality in a fraction of a second.

Herr Frühling und Frau Winter

Mitra Zarif-Kayvan

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.368

Languages: German, Persian

Persian literature has always been characterized by narrations, legends, proverbs and long stories about the changes in all circumstances of humanity and the changes of nature through the change of seasons. Many fairy tales have been passed from one generation to the next and have maintained a current and different version until today. The Fairy tale about the love between Mr. Spring (Amou Norouz) and Ms. Winter (Nanne Sarma) is estimated to be more than 2000 years old. In this old narration, Mr. Spring symbolizes the new beginning, the growth of nature and the Persian New year with the beginning of spring. In contrast, Ms. Winter represents frost, rigidity and stagnation. Both characters together reflect the end of the Persian year with the end of winter and the beginning of the Persian year with the beginning of spring. In a blink of an eye, Ms. Winter, with her departure, brings an end to the cold. While Mr.

Search for synthetic and natural substances with in vitro bioactivity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Part I

Maria-Fernanda Moreno , Wellman Ribón

Affiliation: Universidad Industrial de Santander. Colombia.

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.367

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

INTRODUCTION: tuberculosis (TB) is still considered as an important worldwide health problem. For this reason, national and international health agencies encourage the researchers to improve and strengthen the control strategies and disease treatment. Currently, there have been important advances in the discovery and development of drugs that probably will be included in the standard scheme of anti-TB treatment, however for many of the current treatments, there have been resistant strains reported and even worst for most of the new treatments resistance is expected, making it necessary to maintain a continuous search for treatment alternatives. OBJECTIVE: determine the in vitro antimycobacterial activity of 15 synthetic molecules, 14 essential oils and 6 extracts from endemic plants growing in the department of Santander, Colombia.

Language Feature and New Sections in JOSHA

Yaneth Ortiz

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.366

Languages: English

JOSHA keeps improving to allow our readers a more pleasant, productive and easy access to the multidisciplinary papers and books of JOSHA Journal and Demetrios Books covering all aspects of human creativity and discovery with a global perspective. As a multilingual platform and with the goal of allowing our worldwide readers an easier access to their language of preference, beginning in December 2017 JOSHA included the "Select language to filter search" option. With this new feature, it will be possible to sort all the content in JOSHA by language.During the submission process, it is now required to select the language the article is written on. Additionally, Due to the great reception of JOSHA and in response to the needs of our authors and readers we introduce new sections on our webpage, JOSHA Performing arts, music, DEMETRIOS Textbooks, DEMETRIOS Children's Books and DEMETRIOS Literary books.

The Legal Proverb: Fiat iustitia et pereat mundus. Das Rechtssprichwort: Fiat iustitia et pereat mundus

Detlef Liebs

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.365

Languages: German

The paper explains the background of the common Latin proverb use in the field of law: "fiat iustitia et pereat mundus". The history goes back to pope Hadrian VI. in 1522 and then the article discusses the changing of its meaning over the centuries through its translation and its usage. The proverb that was already used by Ferdinand I., Martin Luther and later Immanuel Kant in different contexts made its way through the centuries to become a popular saying for current lawyers. Liebs criticizes that with time, the different usage of the phrase led to the loss of its original meaning. Photo on the cover: Lorenzo Sabbatini (1530–1576). Justitia, 1565 Palazzo Vecchio. Photographer: Sailko, 16 April 2014.,_affreschi_di_Lorenzo_Sabatini,_1565_,_06_giustizia.JPG

Die Tochter des Kaufmanns

Mitra Zarif-Kayvan

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.364

Languages: German, Persian

The fairy tale ''The daughter of the businessman'' is an Iranian folktale which has been delivered orally from one generation to another in various versions. This fairy tale was in fact made popular by the famous Iranian story-teller Fazlollah Mohtadi, known as ''Sobhi'' in ''Diwan Balkh''and from Samad Behranghi in ''the fairy tales from Azerbaijan'' and it has been delivered in various versions with different titles. The fairy tale revolves around a beautiful, clever, brave and confident girl who defends herself all alone against prejudice and abuse. She embarks on a long, dangerous and an adventurous journey. At the end, she manages to prove the truth and defend herself. Finally, she marries the innkeeper who values her beauty, intelligence and wisdom and builds a life with him filled with harmony, respect and love. In this book, the Author and the Illustrator portrays this fairy tale in her own version in German and Persian languages.

The lynching of blacks in the United States of America - Photographs as historical memories

Giovanni Corvino, Claudia Bommino

Affiliation: Turin University

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.363

Languages: English

According to the literature, photographs of human lynching had an important role in supporting the practice and the predisposition to photographing. This act was globally common. The aim of this brief paper is to understand why photographs of blacks lynching by whites were so important in the United States of America, especially in the South.