The “Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts – JOSHA” has been initiated to create a novel internet platform to access the broad diversity of important discoveries and creativity in the fields of Science, Humanities and Arts. Read more ...

Die vergessene Seite in der Klimapolitik: Das Grüne Paradoxon im Lichte von Hotelling und Solow-Stiglitz

Felicitas Holzer

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.1.10

Languages: German

Beginnend mit einem neoklassischen Modell von Solow und Stiglitz wird ein gesellschaftliches Optimum für den Extraktionspfad erschöpfbarer fossiler Energieträger hergeleitet. Der durch die Planung eines benevolenten Diktators generierte Abbaupfad stellt für alle Generationen ein pareto-optimale – d.h. eine intertemporale Besserstellung einzelner Generationen ist nicht mehr möglich – (und damit normativ begründbare) Lösung dar. Es wird genauer ein optimales Verhältnis zwischen Sachkapital- und Resssourceneinsatz für die volkswirtschaftliche Produktion zu jedem Zeitpunkt t gewählt. Das „positive Pendant“ zur normativen Solow-Stiglitz-Bedingung stellt die Hotelling-Regel dar. Ausgangspunkt ist jedoch nicht das gesellschaftliche Optimierungskalkül, sondern das intertemporale Portfolioproblem der Ressourcenbesitzer. Es wird der Barwert aller auf den gegenwärtigen Zeitpunkt abdiskontierten Gewinne im Zeitablauf maximiert.


Apply by December 15th for the NEW IMBS Double Master Program in Biomedical Sciences: MSc from the University of Buenos Aires and MSc from Freiburg University

Christoph Borner, Marta Mollerach, Cristina Arranz, Roland Mertelsmann

Languages: English

The International Master of Science Biomedical Sciences (IMBS) is an international, interdisciplinary modular and fulltime study program for graduates with professional experience in health or life sciences, medicine or related fields. The IMBS program is a joint program between University of Freiburg (ALU) and the University of Buenos Aires (UBA) in Argentina. After successful graduation, the students will receive a double binational Master degree from the University of Buenos Aires and from Freiburg University. The program which is designed as an intense time of studies and research with practical training qualifies for success in academia or the private sector. It starts with 8 months basic unit in Buenos Aires, continues with an 8 months advanced unit in Freiburg including 5 months individually supervised lab rotation and ends with an 8 months Research Project which leads to a Master Thesis.


Die Tochter des Kaufmanns

Mitra Zarif-Kayvan

Languages: Persian

The fairy tale ''The daughter of the businessman'' is an Iranian folktale which has been delivered orally from one generation to another in various versions. This fairy tale was in fact made popular by the famous Iranian story-teller Fazlollah Mohtadi, known as ''Sobhi'' in ''Diwan Balkh''and from Samad Behranghi in ''the fairy tales from Azerbaijan'' and it has been delivered in various versions with different titles. The fairy tale revolves around a beautiful, clever, brave and confident girl who defends herself all alone against prejudice and abuse. She embarks on a long, dangerous and an adventurous journey. At the end, she manages to prove the truth and defend herself. Finally, she marries the innkeeper who values her beauty, intelligence and wisdom and builds a life with him filled with harmony, respect and love. In this book, the Author and the Illustrator portray this fairy tale in her own version in German and Persian languages.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - ქართული

Giorgi Gotsiridz

Affiliation: International Academy of Sciences, Humanities, and Arts

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.359

Languages: Georgian

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and provide open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


Editorial and Table of Content Volume 4 Issue 5

Yaneth Ortiz

Affiliation: JOSHA

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.358

Languages: English

Architecture and design dominate the 5th issue of JOSHA. Dr Bajçinovci, from the University of Pristine in Kosovo, published 4 new architectural textbooks. The JOSHA editorial team attended the Frankfurt Book Fair, taking part from the 11th to the 15th of October. The participation in the fair was extremely successful, it was a really interesting and important time for the whole team and gave us the opportunity to share our intentions and ideas with people from all around the world.We established great contacts with publishers from Iran, Georgia and Colombia and managed to inspire them with the great vision of making literature, textbooks and children's books available for all visitors of the JOSHA website. In the section of Medicine, Dr Gonzales et.al., from the Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia, published an original article in Spanish describing urinary tract infection (UTI) as a marker of poor outcome in children with severe neutropenia following chemotherapy.


Breve Introduzione all’Arrangiamento Jazz (Media Formazione) [A Short Introduction to Jazz Arranging (Middle-Sized Ensemble)]

Carmine Cataldo

Affiliation: Independent Researcher, Jazz Pianist and Composer, PhD in Mechanical Engineering, Battipaglia (SA), Italy

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.6.357

Languages: Italian

In questo articolo viene trattata, in via esclusiva, la struttura di un tipico arrangiamento jazz, fornendo indicazioni riguardanti, fondamentalmente, le metodologie di scrittura. Proponiamo, come modello, un semplice arrangiamento di “Giant Steps”, rinomata composizione di Coltrane, adatto ad una formazione di medie dimensioni. L’organico consiste di sette elementi in tutto: tromba, sassofoni contralto e tenore, trombone, pianoforte, contrabbasso, batteria. Le varie tecniche di arrangiamento, quali parallelismo diatonico e tonicizzazione, vengono in questa sede menzionate ma non discusse. Infatti, ci limiteremo a palesare, sezione per sezione, le strategie adoperate al fine d’ottenere il risultato desiderato. In this paper we exclusively discuss the structure of a typical jazz arrangement, providing some indications concerning, predominantly, the writing methodologies.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Latviešu

Maruta Dörr

Affiliation: ma:liz Maruta Dörr desing

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.356

Languages: Latvian

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and providing open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.


RESEARCH CENTRES AND LABORATORIES - Architectural Design Principles

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.355

Languages: Albanian

The monograph presents the standards, normative, and the technical details of the Research Centres and Laboratories - Architectural Design Principles accompanied with charts, photographs, drawings, sketches and design guidelines. The textbook is divided into four extensive chapters. The first chapter, present and elaborates the intro of architectural design challenges. The second chapter, present and elaborates the environment conditions in Kosovo, data are provided from the official government publications for the need of the students. The third chapter, the main chapter of this monograph, describes the concepts, guidelines and conceptual design principles for the Research Centres and Laboratories. The fourth chapter, elaborates the infrastructure of the HVAC in the architectural conceptual design guidelines for the Research Centres and Laboratories, to be considered in the designing of the engineering systems.


THE VERTICAL FARM - Architectural Design Principles

Bujar Q. Bajçinovci

Affiliation: University of Prishtina, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kosovo

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.354

Languages: Albanian

The monograph presents the standards, normative, and the technical details of the Vertical Farm - Architectural Design Principles accompanied with charts, photographs, drawings, sketches and contemporary design guidelines. The textbook is divided into four extensive chapters. The first chapter, present and elaborates the intro of Agriculture conditions in Kosovo. The second chapter, present and elaborates the statistical data about Agriculture in Kosovo, data are provided from the official government publications for the need of the students. The third chapter, the main chapter of this monograph, describes the concepts, guidelines and conceptual design principles for the vertical farming. The fourth chapter elaborates the hybridisation of the architectural conceptual compositions for the vertical farming, strengthened with the data, and sketches for the construction systems-materials to be considered in the design process of the Vertical Farm.


The JOSHA Demetrios Project: - Italiano

Carmine Cataldo

Affiliation: Independent Researcher, Jazz Pianist and Composer, PhD in Mechanical Engineering, Battipaglia (SA), Italy

DOI: 10.17160/josha.4.5.353

Languages: Italian

International Academy of Science, Humanities and Arts, IASHA e.V. Freiburg, Deutschland The JOSHA Demetrios Project With the July 2017 issue, JOSHA is starting the Demetrios Project. We chose Demetrios of Phaleron, a student of Theophrastus and most probably of Aristotle, as the name patron of our project. Demetrios was instrumental in establishing the ancient Library of Alexandria, probably the largest and most significant library of the ancient world covering all aspects of Science, Humanities and the Arts in many different languages. It is our objective to open up JOSHA as a universally accessible, open access library to all languages and countries. JOSHA will focus initially on publishing and provide open-access to textbooks in any field of Science, Humanities and the Arts, to students and readers worldwide. JOSHA will publish textbooks in any language after appropriate peer review by experts in the field knowledgeable of the respective language.