A Two-Path Process Model of Invention: Conclusions from six years of research with independent inventors
This paper introduces a two-path model of the invention that comprises two processes: a long-term, idea-driven path, and a short-term, problem-solving path. The model focuses on individual inventors and includes the success factors for the invention that are known from the literature. The model resumes the line of research in independent inventors and responses to five open issues that are central to current research on inventors: the role of creativity; the high level of persistence amongst inventors; the role of knowledge; the permanent transgression of domains by inventors; success criteria. The paper contains an extended review of the state of research on inventors and presents current approaches to explaining inventiveness. A core assumption of the paper is to understand the invention in the context of long-term technological development.
This Monograph is originally and especially dedicated to the students of The architecture of the University of Prishtina for Educational, and Not-for-profit purposes. The monograph incorporates research papers published at JOSHA, as a part of FridaysForFuture actions. Seeing the lack of literature in the field of Environmental Architecture, especially in the University of the Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, I was inspired by the community of #FridaysForFuture research papers, hence, our small contribution with writing this monograph. The book is a free and not-for-profit purpose, it is indented as basic literature of courses which I taught at the University of Prishtina. In the monograph I have presented research models, design typology, drawings as the cases studies for future generations at the Department of Architecture. There are six papers assembled in one monography presenting the issues regarding the Climate, Environment, and Sustainable Architecture.
Freedom of Expression as Threat to National Security: Self-Determination, Radio Biafra and the Political Space in Nigeria
A wave of renewed agitation for the creation of the sovereign state of Biafra has gained momentum and is sweeping across the south-east of Nigeria. The Independent People of Biafra (IPOB) is championing the cause. This resuscitated agitation for a sovereign state of Biafra takes a new dimension with the setting up of Radio Biafra and many other internet fora carrying on the struggle for the break-up of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Unlike other initiatives directed towards achieving the same objective, the current attempt seems to have achieved greater notoriety and succeeded in galvanizing certain segments of the Igbo community who feel victimized and alienated by the current arrangements in Nigeria into a renewed hope and zeal for the secession of Biafra from Nigeria. The arrow-head of the group is Nnamdi Kanu who, among other things, has been accused of advocating violence in order to obtain independence.
2020 has begun and our work to share as much knowledge as possible continues. The beginning of this year has not only brought several changes in all the different areas of society and the world but it has also brought us new goals and purposes. As far as JOSHA is concerned, we will begin this new volume by informing you that our future editorials will be published on a quarterly basis. In addition, we would like to take this opportunity to announce our annual competition, the Demetrios Preis, which is for those who would like to participate and publish their researches. We invite you to send us your graduate work in the three different categories of Bachelor, Master, and P.h.D., our editors are ready to read them!
The journal has grown over the last 5 years and it is all thanks to the support of everyone on this team, thanks to our writers, readers, specialists, and administrative team. The journey that JOSHA has made over these years has allowed them to extend their roots and contacts thanks to people in different parts of the world. JOSHA was initiated by Roland Mertelsmann in 2014 and stands in the tradition of the journal “Isis”, the first multidisciplinary journal in the German language founded in 1816, published by Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus and edited by Lorenz Oken (1779 – 1851), a German physician, natural philosopher, researcher, biologist, anatomist and physiologist who published from 1816 to 1848, contributions to natural sciences, medicine, technology, economy, arts, history, science policy, and science organization.
Every four years, the Electoral College, a little known feature of the American Constitution, enjoys a fleeting movement of fame. For the fifth time in U.S. history, and the second time this century, a presidential candidate won the White House while losing the popular vote. Hillary Clinton won more votes than Donald Trump in the 2016 presidential election. But due to the exigency of the Electoral College, Donald Trump became president of the United States. If, according to Timm (2016), “our supposedly ‘democratic’ system for picking nominees for president is terribly broken and should be dramatically overhauled”, then this paper seeks to unravel the inherent contradictions in the American Presidential election.
Kosovo's water capacities are being ruined in the name of sources for renewable energy. Surely, those constructions for renewable energy have sparked fears of the worst wildlife damages and biodiversity of the environment. The study presented in this paper investigated the water resources of Kosovo. Focusing on the river volumes, legislation, biodiversity, sources for renewable energy, and urban planning issues. The current and possible degraded state of the environment in the name of sources of renewable energy are not acceptable, even more, when the water capacities are being ruined and creating cumulative impacts on river systems, disrupting the landscape and beauty of their characters, and affecting the function of their habitats. Surely, hydropower plants are potential of renewable energy, but it must be wise planned and carefully located, never affecting the public health and community wellbeing.
Having celebrated November 22 as the day of the musician worldwide, we take the opportunity to highlight it in our Journal, and what better way than presenting an interview with the magnificent American tenor, Joshua Kohl. The interview you read today belongs to one of our areas of the journal most read by you, our readers. He is exceptionally talented , in a world full of musical notes, instruments and always surrounded by people with different tasks who at the same time follow the same objective and share the same passion, Music. Joshua is an opera singer, a tenor from Pennsylvania with an impeccable technique, full of strength and dynamism. He is currently pursuing a career in Germany and gave us some of his time to share a little of his passion with us.
This editorial concludes issue 10 of October 2019. All together we had the honor to present and publish five different articles from two different fields. We have received three wonderful poems translated from German into Romanian by Dragos Caracevici and two more interesting articles presented by Sigrun L
This editorial concludes issue 9 of September 2019. All together we had the honor to present and publish five different articles from the fields of medicine, scientific research, visual arts in the field of architecture and the arts within the world of classical music. We have closed the column series of Dr. Leander Hotaki with his last column in a total of seven as a small impulse for our readers out there who are looking forward to publishing their opinions in all fields of science, humanities or arts. Not being this everything, we also have had the pleasure to be working with an excellent Journal that shares the ideal of many scientists, the idea of exploring possible phenomena located around us as a way of understanding what we do. The journal El Gato y La Caja, sees the world and knowledge similar to the way JOSHA sees it, sharing and communicating Information through an open-access plattform.