The “Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts – JOSHA” has been initiated to create a novel internet platform to access the broad diversity of important discoveries and creativity in the fields of Science, Humanities and Arts. Read more ...

Science, Ethics and Society: Introduction

Roland Mertelsmann

Affiliation: Albert-Ludwigs Universität, Freiburg

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.6.61

Languages: English

Roland Mertelsmann is a haematologist and oncologist and was professor and chairman at the Freiburg University Medical Center, Department of Oncology and Hematology. Amongst others, Roland Mertelsmann is known for his scientific work in the fields of hematology, oncology and stem cell transplantation. He started his career as a medical student at the Universities of Göttingen, Hamburg and the King’s College School of Medicine, London. After his graduation at the University of Hamburg, he contributed to the isolation of the blood stimulating growth factor G-SCF during his work in Hematology and Clinical Oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York. In 1985, he returned to Germany and became professor and head of the Department for Hematology and Oncology at the University of Mainz and since 1989 at the University of Freiburg. In 1994 he founded the philanthropic Biothera Foundation, which supports education, research and training in the Biomedical Sciences.


Genome Sequencing in Cancer Research and Therapy

Stefan Fröhling

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.6.63

Languages: English

Stefan Fröhling has a long-standing interest in identifying genetic abnormalities that define disease subgroups and treatment outcome in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Furthermore, he works to identify new cancer drug targets through a better understanding of the functional dependencies of hematologic and solid-organ malignancies, and to bring targeted approaches and molecularly based patient stratification to clinical trials and patient treatment broadly across tumor types.


International Congress of Translational Medicine- Announcement: Buenos Aires, Argentina, Nov 24-25, 2015

Christoph Borner, Cristina Arranz

Affiliation: Dean Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry , University of Buenos Aires

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.6.60

Languages: English

The Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry (Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica) of the Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA) hosts the second International Congress of Translational Medicine on November 24th and 25th . The event will be under the auspices of the German and Swiss Embassies in Buenos Aires. The International Congress will be held in the context of the International Master Program in Biomedical Sciences (IMBS) Cooperation, a German-Argentine Study Program at the Universities Freiburg and Buenos Aires which is currently being extended to the University of Montevideo, Uruguay. The Program was launched in 2008 and has already paved the way for many students who joined academic and professional careers after completing the Master Program. A broad range of topics in the fields of Molecular Biology and Medicine as well as Microsystems and Bioethics will be covered by the two day congress and communicated in oral and poster presentations. Dr.


IMBS Class 2016-18: Inscription Open

Christoph Borner, Cristina Arranz

Affiliation: Dean Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry , University of Buenos Aires

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.6.59

Languages: English

In 2008 the International Master in Biomedical Sciences (IMBS) was established as a joint program between the Faculty of Medicine of the Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg (ALU) and the Faculties of Medicine and Pharmacy and Biochemistry of the University of Buenos Aires (UBA) in Argentina. The aim of this program is to provide scientific knowledge and state-of-the-art experimental experience to current and emerging biomedical research areas with a focus on translational research and development. It is also meant to foster teaching and research cooperation between the two Universities and to contribute to cultural exchange on the master, PhD and professor level. The program was implemented in a specific agreement co-signed by the Rectors of the two Universities in 2008. Moreover, the cooperation was strengthened by the UBA visit of the Minister President of Baden-Württemberg Kretschmann in 2011 when another agreement was signed.


JOSHA - Table of Contents Volume 2 Issue 5

Felicitas Holzer, Roland Mertelsmann

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.5.58

Languages: English

We heartily welcome our readers to the new Issue 5 of Volume 2 in which we present the first part of the talks from the Bioethics Symposium “Science, Ethics and Society” which took place on 14th of August in Freiburg. Our special Issue guest is Florencia Luna, a bioethicist and researcher at CONICET (National Research Council Argentina) and FLACSO (Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences), Argentina, who addresses the topic of assisted reproductive technologies and points out some particular challenges of the technology in her talk “To say or not to say?”. A further special contribution to the Symposium and this Issue is the talk “Ethics in Epidemics and Disasters: Rights and Obligations of Healthcare Workers” by Andreas Reis from the World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.


La obligación de continuidad de tratamiento beneficioso hacia los sujetos de investigación

Ignacio Mastroleo

Affiliation: CONICET

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.5.57

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

Todos los días se prueban nuevos psicofármacos, tratamientos para el VIH/SIDA o el cáncer, entre otras enfermedades. Algunos de esos tratamientos son lo suficientemente exitosos como para cronificar enfermedades antes consideradas mortales, como los antirretrovirales para el VIH/SIDA o el imatinib para la leucemia mieloide a principios del 2000. No obstante, antes de que puedan ser comercializados o estar disponibles en los sistemas de salud pública, deben pasar por una serie de rigurosas pruebas de calidad, seguridad y eficacia. Estas pruebas implican el testeo de las drogas en animales y su estudio en seres humanos, sanos o enfermos. Estrictas normas de buenas prácticas científicas y éticas regulan todo el proceso de las investigaciones biomédicas. El problema de mi tesis se centra en el momento de la finalización de los estudios en seres humanos.


Research Ethics in Epidemics and Public Health Emergencies

Felicitas Holzer

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.5.56

Languages: English

Responses to epidemics, emergencies and disasters raise many ethical issues for the people involved, who include responders, public health specialists and policy-makers. This workshop provides an ethical view point on issues arising when research studies are conducted in these difficult contexts. In particular, it will be focused on adaptations of ethical oversight and processes, as deliberations of research ethics committees. Using the example of the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the participants of the workshop will discuss ethical issues within a concrete case study. I would like to express my gratitude to Dr. Andreas Reis, WHO, and Dr. Ignacio Mastroleo, Universidad de Buenos Aires, for their continued support.


Ethical Legal and Social Issues (ELSI) in Assisted Reproduction Technologies (ART)

Florencia Luna

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.5.55

Languages: English

Florencia Luna received an M.A. from the University of Columbia (USA) and a Ph.D in philosophy from the University of Buenos Aires. She directs the Program of Bioethics and is teaching bioethics at FLACSO (Latin American University of Social Sciences). She is Principal Researcher at CONICET (National Scientific and Technological Research Council). She has been the President of the International Association of Bioethics (IAB) during 2003 to 2005. She is Temporary Advisor of the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1997 and is now Expert for WHO since 2009. She has been appointed to the Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee (STAC) of Tropical Disease Research (TDR) at WHO. Beginning in 2005, she became a member or the Steering Committee of the Global Forum on Bioethics in Research (GFBR). She is co- PI with Ruth Macklin of a research training grant of the Fogarty International Centre, NIH (National Institutes of Health- (US)) to train persons in ethics and research (2000-2016).


To say or not to say? Assisted reproductive technologies : Some challenges

Florencia Luna

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.5.54

Languages: English

Florencia Luna received an M.A. from the University of Columbia (USA) and a Ph.D in philosophy from the University of Buenos Aires. She directs the Program of Bioethics and is teaching bioethics at FLACSO (Latin American University of Social Sciences). She is Principal Researcher at CONICET (National Scientific and Technological Research Council). She has been the President of the International Association of Bioethics (IAB) during 2003 to 2005. She has won the Guggenheim Foundation Fellow (2006) and has been awarded the Konnex Prize: Honor Diploma in Ethics in 2006, in recognition of important figures in Humanities during the last decade in Argentina (1996-2006). She is Temporary Advisor of the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1997 and is now Expert for WHO since 2009. She has been appointed to the Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee (STAC) of Tropical Disease Research (TDR) at WHO.


Ethics in Epidemics and Disasters: Rights & Obligations of Healthcare Workers

Andreas Reis

DOI: 10.17160/josha.2.5.53

Languages: English

Andreas Alois Reis (MD, MSc) is a Technical Officer in the Global Health Ethics Unit of the Department of Knowledge, Ethics, and Research at WHO in Geneva, Switzerland. After medical studies and practice in internal medicine in Germany, France and Chile he pursued studies in health economics and ethics. His main area of work is public health ethics, with a focus on distributive justice and equitable access to health services, and ethical aspects of infectious diseases such as HIV, pandemic influenza, and tuberculosis. He has published widely, lectured and organized trainings for WHO in more than 40 countries, and is serving on the editorial boards of Public Health Ethics and Monash Bioethics Review. In this presentation Dr. Reis discusses important ethical aspects of the deployment of Health Care Workers in areas of epidemics and disasters.