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91 42
Published in Volume 7, Issue 4 -

Enfermedades Crónicas No Transmisibles en Argentina - Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases in Argentina

Gisela Pattarone

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.4.701

A constant change in human health is evident, enhanced by technological advances and the development of scientific research. These constant changes are a setback in terms of the development and persistence of chronic diseases, being these the main causes of mortality and morbidity in Argentina, among which the Chronic Diseases stand out Non-transmissible (NTC) 1. These include cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, kidney disease, certain types of cancer and chronic respiratory disease. It is a situation of enough changes to be able to carry out prevention measures in order to avoid the appearance of these diseases, as well as to improve the treatment indicated by the medical specialist, finally avoiding that they continue to be prolonged in time. This constant change causes a wide field for Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) 2 that seeks to integrate the different individual clinical experiences with the best external evidence for decision making.


623 266
Published in Volume 7, Issue 4 -

Exposición de la muerte como satisfacción anónima de algunos Hombres - Death as an anonymous Satisfaction of some Men

Madelay Coromoto Escobar Uztariz

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.4.682

This investigation does not seek to verify weather there is an afterlife since that intention may take it out of the philosophical framework. In this special degree, the main intention is to go deeper into the sick morbidity, to highlight all the meaning it represents in the perception of men. This work is oriented to the existential study of death as a natural and ontological phenomenon where the protagonist is the man. The research is based on the work of E.M. Cioran on the Heights of Despair. The general objective is to expose death as an anonymous satisfaction of some men, so we proceed to study the concept of death to examine their own thoughts, beliefs, and experiences of men and also reflect on the exalting presentation of death in literary texts and the seventh art. As a result of this research, it can be deduced and concluded that the conception of death and dying as an immediate fact usually sensitizes man to such an extent that he himself is satisfied with it.


451 166
Published in Volume 7, Issue 3 -

Corazón delator - The Tell-Tale Heart

Timoteo Marchini

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.3.681

During the first week of December 1952, a dense toxic fog settled over London, resulting in a total excess of 4,000 deaths compared to the previous week. The magnitude of this event, in terms of the number of people affected, finally confirmed that air pollution caused by human activities can be deadly. For the first time in history, humans became aware of the urgent need of building a relationship with the environment that achieves, in addition to their own development, their survival. The Great London Fog of 1952 is a milestone in air pollution epidemiology and environmental toxicology. This is the story.


1722 239
Published in Volume 7, Issue 3 -

En Torno al Concepto de Bildung en Gadamer - On the concept of Bildung in Gadamer

Luis Enrique Silva Vieira

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.3.680

When undertaking a hermeneutic-philosophical discourse, centered on the notion of Bildung or human formation, it emerges as an epistemic objective to provide meaningful explanations in the field of the Sciences of the Spirit. Here, Hans-Georg Gadamer has had a fruitful philosophical innovation that affects both the understanding of man and ethics and politics. This research on his contributions to the Bildung is divided into two questions.


435 218
Published in Volume 7, Issue 3 -

A libro abierto - An open book

Sebastián Vishnopolska

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.3.676

In the 1990s, scientists started to discuss how to sequence the human genome, the complete list of genes encoded in human DNA. Two research groups, one directed by James Watson and funded by NIH grants, and another one supervised by Craig Venter and financed by private funding, started a race to be the first one to obtain the complete sequence. In 2000, the US President Bill Clinton, together with Venter and Francis Collins (Watson’s successor), announced that the first draft of the human genome was available. In the last years, cost reduction for sequencing the whole human DNA open several research fields, such as cancer genomics, pharmacogenomics, diagnosis of rare diseases, and genomics of pregnancy, among many others. In the present article, originally published in El Gato y La Caja, the history and impact of this discovery is presented.


470 183
Published in Volume 7, Issue 3 -

Marketing creativo como una forma efectiva de atraer clientes - Creative Marketing as an effective Way to attract Customers

Sol Rodriguez R., Angel Martinez T

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.3.675

The article studies the ways in which creative marketing and a brilliant idea can drive sales of a product or make it fail. Creating emotional bonds with consumers is one of the best strategies that can used to reach the public and make them buy the advertised item, you just need to see the problem and offer a solution.


467 154
Published in Volume 7, Issue 3 -

Parámetros e indicadores que determinan una agricultura eficiente - Parameters and Indicators that determine efficient Agriculture

Angel Martinez T, Sol Rodriguez R.

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.3.673

The article studies the theoretical aspects that allow us to identify when an agricultural company is obtaining a good production and specifies the main economic, social and environmental indicators that we must take into account when we decide to invest in agriculture.


890 355
Published in Volume 7, Issue 3 -

Desarrollo de Canales de Microfluidica - Development of microfluidic Channels

Ana Belén Peñaherrera Pazmiño

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.3.671

The general objective of this thesis is to develop and investigate microfluidic devices to be applied to the culture of eukaryotic cells and the study of fluids in porous media. During this thesis work, microfluidic devices have been successfully developed, which were applied in the culture of both adherent and suspended cells and in the analysis of flow in porous media. A new method of manufacturing microfluidic devices has been developed the manufacturing of microdevices possible in the country (and in other developing countries), without the need of access to a cleanroom, which will make the massification of microfluidic possible.


468 208
Published in Volume 7, Issue 3 -

La meritocracia te la debo - Endebted Meritocracy

Sol Minoldo

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.3.668

A meritocracy is a society in which success and failure belong to those who 'deserve' them. What you get depends directly on the decisions you make and on archiving the right balance between responsibility and audacity. Yet, a key point is frequently overlooked: identical circumstances, means, and opportunities must be guaranteed for meritocracy to make sense. In this article, Sol Minoldo highlights the danger of the reverse the logic, that is, assuming that the different achievements are reliable proof that some made more effort than others, and discusses what a higher performance might actually reflect.


499 242
Published in Volume 7, Issue 2 -

Demetrios Award 2020

Gerhard Steinmann, Stephan Seiler, María Fernanda Sandoval, Roland Mertelsmann

Languages: Spanish, Castilian

DOI: 10.17160/josha.7.2.662

The JOSHA Team is very pleased to share information with you about our Demetrios Prize 2020. The International Academy of Sciences, Humanities, and Arts (IASHA e.V.), with the support of the BioThera-Roland Mertelsmann Foundation, will award three prizes of 500 euros for the categories BACHELOR, MASTER and DOCTOR THESIS. Our editors will make the selection and the theses of the winners will be published in JOSHA and can be referenced with their DOI number! The “Journal of Science, Humanities, and Arts – JOSHA” has been initiated to create a novel internet platform to access the broad diversity of important discoveries and creativity in the fields of Science, Humanities, and Arts. At JOSHA we believe, that "Knowledge that is not communicated is wasted knowledge".